Deepak Sanan is a Senior Visiting Fellow at CPR. Major areas of his interest include public policy in the areas of state capacity, land governance, public finance, water and sanitation. He is a former civil servant, living in Himachal Pradesh. He retired from the Indian Administrative Service, the centrally recruited senior civil service of India in January 2017. He was allocated to the state of Himachal Pradesh. His other current affiliations include advising at the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), Delhi and the Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS), Bangalore on a variety of subjects related to his experience and special interests. In particular, he heads the Centre for Land Governance at the IIHS and the Land Policy Initiative at NCAER. Sanan has published regularly on public policy issues with an interest specially in creating incentives to more effectively use Central funds to overcome State budget constraints and improve governance. He has a special interest in designing schemes of inter-governmental financial transfers that can improve institutional arrangements at state and local government level to enhance the effectiveness of these transfers and service delivery especially in basic services.